CBNRM benefits as mitigation
However these benefits are given to all members in the conservancy and do not differentiate between households that suffer more costs of living with wildlife than others. Neither do social projects specifically target people who suffer the most costs.
There are several solutions to this problem. In some instances conservancies have the potential to considerably increase their incomes and to make larger amounts available for direct household benefits. Currently one of the main constraints to fulfilling this potential is a lack of capacity to manage more business partnerships and enterprises.
There are also ways to specifically increase the income raised by problem causing species for communities. Stander (Pers. Comm.) suggests there is good potential in developing predator tracking safaris linked to tourism lodges in conservancies. Part of the income from these safaris could be put into a special conservancy fund that can be used to offset livestock losses. Furthermore, conservancies could, in their benefit distribution plans, specifically target households that suffer high HWC costs.