Protected places

Protected Areas account for more than 14% of the Ecoregion

Most of Vietnam's protected areas are classified as Special-use forest land. This is land that is planned for forest establishment and development for the purposes of:
  • natural conservation
  • constituting models for environmental protection
  • serving as a gene bank for forest flora and fauna and as a site for research
  • protecting historical vestiges, cultural and scenic places
  • providing services for tourism.
Special-use forest land is usually classified as a National Park, a Nature Reserve or a Cultural - historical - environmental forest.

In Lao P.D.R. and Cambodia, nearly all of the protected areas are called National Biodiversity Conservation Areas (NBCA) and Wildlife Sanctuaries, respectively.

All together, there are nearly 70 protected areas in the Greater Annamites ecoregion, accounting for more than fourteen percent of its area.

Type of Protected Area Country No. Area (ha)
  Country No. Area
National Parks Vietnam 10 693,214
Nature Reserves Vietnam 26 776,420
National Biodiversity Conservation Areas (NBCA) Lao P.D.R. 10 1,536,550
Wildlife Sanctuaries Cambodia 2 122,500
Cultural-Historic Sites Vietnam 17 105,354
  Total 65 3,234,038

 



National Parks Total area: 693,214 ha

No Name Province Area (ha) Year ** Country

1

Bach Ma

Thua Thien Hue

22,031

1986

Vietnam

2

Bu Gia Map

Binh Phuoc

22,330

 

Vietnam

3

Ben En

Thanh Hoa

16,634

1986

Vietnam

4

Cat Tien

Dong Nai, Lam Dong, Binh Phuoc

73,878

1978

Vietnam

5

Chu Mom Ray

Kon Tum

48,658

2002

Vietnam

6

Cuc Phuong

Ninh Binh, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa

22,200

1962

Vietnam

7

Phong Nha Ke Bang

Quang Binh

86,200

2001

Vietnam

8

Pu Mat

Nghe An

91,113

2001

Vietnam

9

Rung kho Phan Rang

Ninh Thuan

16,775

 

Vietnam

10

Virachey

Ratanakiri, Stoeng Treng

332,500

1993

Cambodia


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Nature Reserves Total area: 776, 420 ha

No

Name

Province

Area (ha)

Year **

Country

1

Ba Ba- Nui Chua

TP Da Nang

38,210

1986

Vietnam

2

Ban Dao Son Tra

TP Da Nang

4,370

1977

Vietnam

3

Binh Chau-Phuoc Buu

Ba Ria-Vung Tau

11,293

1986

Vietnam

4

Bi Dup-Nui Ba

Lam Dong

71,062

1986

Vietnam

5

Chu Yang Sinh

Dak Lak

54,227

1986

Vietnam

6

Cu Lao Cham

Quang Nam

6,719

1986

Vietnam

7

Da Krong

Quang Tri

40,526

2001

Vietnam

8

Ea So

Dak Lak

22,000

2001

Vietnam

9

Ke Go

Ha Tinh

24,801

1995

Vietnam

10

Kon Ka Kinh

Gia Lai

41,710

1986

Vietnam

11

Kong Cha Rang

Gia Lai

15,900

1986

Vietnam

12

Krong Trai

Phu Yen

22,290

1986

Vietnam

13

Nam Ca

Dak Lak

24,555

1986

Vietnam

14

Nam Nung

Dak Lak

10,849

1986

Vietnam

15

Ngoc Linh Kon Tum

Kon Tum

41,424

2000

Vietnam

16

Ngoc Linh Quang Nam

     

Vietnam

17

Nui Ong (Bien Lac)

Binh Thuan

25,469

1986

Vietnam

18

Phong Dien

Thua Thien Hue

41,548

2001

Vietnam

19

Pu Hoat

Nghe An

67,934

2000

Vietnam

20

Pu Huong

Nghe An

50,075

1986

Vietnam

21

Pu Luong

Thanh Hoa

17,662

1995

Vietnam

22

Song Thanh

Quang Nam

   

Vietnam

23

Ta Kon

Binh Thuan

17,823

1988

Vietnam

24

Thuong Tien

Hoa Binh

7,308

1986

Vietnam

25

Vu Quang

Ha Tinh

55,950

1986

Vietnam

26

Xuan Lien

Thanh Hoa

23,610

2000

Vietnam




National Biodiversity Conservation Areas (NBCAs) Total area: 1, 536, 550 ha

No

Name

Province

Area (ha)

Year **

Country

1

Dong Amphan

Attapeu

169,900

1993

Lao P.D.R.

2

Dong Houa Sao

Champasak

94,700

1993

Lao P.D.R.

3

Dong Phou Vieng

Savannakhet

197,300*

1996

Lao P.D.R.

4

Hin Nam No

Khammouane

75,000

1993

Lao P.D.R.

5

Nakai-Nam Theun

Khammouane, Bolikhamxay

305,800

1993

Lao P.D.R.

6

Nam Kading

Bolikhamxay

144,200

1993

Lao P.D.R.

7

Phou Hin Poun

Khammouane

202,900

1993

Lao P.D.R.

8

Phou Xang He

Savannakhet

99,300

1993

Lao P.D.R.

9

Xe Bang Nouan

Saravan, Savannakhet

108,400

1993

Lao P.D.R.

10

Xe Xap

Saravan, Xekong

139,050*

1995

Lao P.D.R.


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Wildlife Sanctuaries Total area: 122,500 ha

No

Name

Province

Area (ha)

Year **

Country

1

Phnom Nam Lyr

Mondulkiri

47,500

1993

Cambodia

2

Snoul

Kratie

75,000

1993

Cambodia




Cultural-Historic Sites Total area: 105,354 ha

No

Name

Province

Area (ha)

Year **

Country

1

Dong Son Pine forest

Thanh Hoa

290

1989

Vietnam

2

Da Lat Pine forest

Lam Dong

32,051

1993

Vietnam

3

Deo Ca-Hon Nua

Phu Yen

8,876

1986

Vietnam

4

Den Ba Trieu

Thanh Hoa

2,068

1986

Vietnam

5

Bac Hai Van

Thua Thien Hue

14,547

1993

Vietnam

6

Ba To (Cao Muon)

Quang Ngai

6,060

1986

Vietnam

7

Huong Son

Ha Tay

4,355

1986

Vietnam

8

Ho Lac

Dak Lak

12,744

1986

Vietnam

9

Hoa Lu

Ninh Binh

5,666

1996

Vietnam

10

Lam Son

Thanh Hoa

141

1986

Vietnam

11

Nam Hai Van

TP Da Nang

10,850

1992

Vietnam

12

Ngoc Trao

Thanh Hoa

825

1986

Vietnam

13

Nui Ba

Binh Dinh

4,000

1994

Vietnam

14

Nui Ba Ra

Binh Phuoc

940

1986

Vietnam

15

Nui Chung

Nghe An

600

1989

Vietnam

16

Sam Son

Thanh Hoa

543

1994

Vietnam

17

Vuon Cam Nguyen Hue

Binh Dinh

798

1995

Vietnam

* Denotes an average value, calculated as the mid-point of the range given in the source material
** Denotes the year that the protected are was established

Sources
Categorization and Allocation of Protected Areas in Vietnam, FPD, May 2002.
Review of the national Protected Area System of Lao PDR
, Lao-Swedish Forestry Programme/DFRC/IUCN, 2001
Cambodia: First State of the Environment Report, MoE Cambodia, 1994
Socio-economic and Ecological survey in Snoul Wildlife Sanctuary, DNCP/WWF, 1996
Note: there are a number of provincial and a few district protected areas that have been established locally but are still formally
outside the national protected area systems. These are not listed here.

In addition, there are four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and one Man and Biosphere Reserve.

World Heritage Sites

No

Name

Province

Area (ha)

Year *

Country

1

Complex of Hue Monuments

Thua Thien Hue

--

1993

Vietnam

2

Hoi An Ancient Town

Quang Nam

--

1999

Vietnam

3

My Son Sanctuary

Quang Nam

--

1993

Vietnam

4

Phong Nha

Quang Binh

     

* Denotes the year that the protected are was established
Note: All sites are listed as "cultural" sites.

Man and Biosphere Reserves

No

Name

Province

Area (ha)

Year

Country

1

Cat Tien

Dong Nai, Lam Dong, Binh Phuoc

37,900

2001

Vietnam

For more detailed information on protected areas, you can view the Sourcebook of Protected Areas by BirdLife International.

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