Unsustainable resource extraction
In Cambodia, about 98% of rural people depend upon wood and charcoal for fuel, and such uses might become a threat in the future if populations increase to a great extent.
Many local people depend heavily on a wide range of natural resources from the Dry Forests.
Traditionally, people plant paddy rice; raise crops in swidden fields cleared from forests, and often do both, as the amount of good paddy rice land is limited. They gather non-timber forest products (NTFPs) to provide tools, building materials, food, medicine, and for trade.
One of the most widespread practices is tapping specific tree species for resin. In the Eastern Plains, some of this resin is used locally and some is exported for use as a sealant in boat building.