Siamese Crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis)

IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered CITES Appendix I

The ecology of the Siamese Crocodile in the wild is largely unknown. In 1992 it was recorded as virtually extinct in the wild; however considerable conservation action has been implemented to collect information of its distribution data.
Siamese crocodile.  rel=
Siamese crocodile.
© WWF-Canon / Gerald S. CUBITT
Some scientists believed that the species is further from extinction than previously thought, although it is still considered one of the world's most endangered reptiles.

Only remaining large wild populations
The Mekong River basin and wetlands in Cambodia appear to have the only remaining large wild populations left in the world.

Even these are seriously fragmented and depleted though.

Hunting, disturbance, alteration
Wild crocodiles are diminishing in number because of hunting, human disturbance and habitat alteration. They are now restricted to inaccessible swamps and river stretches in the remoter parts of the country. In the Lower Mekong Dry Forests Ecoregion, they have been recorded by local hunters in the upper reaches of the Mekong, and on some of its tributaries.

Farmed extensively
Although, its population is almost depleted in the wild, Siamese Crocodiles are farmed extensively in Thailand and Cambodia and are relatively unthreatening to people.

Crocodile conservation benefits
Crocodile conservation worldwide has benefited from actively promoting a well-managed and regulated captive industry, linked to conservation activities for populations in the wild.

There is hope that, if the necessary actions can be implemented, including the involvement of the commercial captive industry, the Siamese crocodile might have a chance of survival in the wild again.

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