Soil erosion, which corresponds to the loss of topsoil, is leaving the land naked and unfit for agriculture.
Downstream, increased sediment loads are silting estuaries and smothering sensitive marine habitats.
As a result, marine species lose their habitat. Farmers and fishermen lose their source of income.
Deforestation also increases greenhouse gas emissions.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), emissions from deforestation account for about 15% of the global greenhouse gas emissions.
The Holistic Conservation Programme for Forests in Madagascar, a 4 year project funded by the French Foundation GoodPlanet - with Air France as sole sponsor - and implemented in the field by WWF, aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by reducing deforestation and forest degradation in Madagascar.
This will subsequently contribute to improve the livelihoods of local communities and preserve Madagascar’s biodiversity.
The project covers an area of more than 500,000 ha of high conservation value forests:
- 380,000 hectares of moist forest
- 125,000 hectares of dry, spiny forest
Moving on at a fast pace
As it enters into its last stage, the Holistic Conservation Programme for Forests (HCPF) is moving on at the fastest pace ever with very successful, and sometimes spectacular, results – both quantitatively and qualitatively. Read
VIDEO: Management transfer in FandrianaTransfers of natural resources management from the State to grassroots communities is immensely important for local people who are invested with new responsibilities. The ceremony is always joyful and festive.
The most important mission of the “carbon assessment” component of the Holistic Conservation Programme for Forests (HCPF) in Madagascar took place at the end of March 2010. A two-engine Cessna equipped with the LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) technology flew over the two largest sites of the programme to measure precisely the height of the forest’s canopy and understory. Read
VIDEO: Success for the LIDAR mission
3-D fly over the forestWatch the Lidar clip here
HCPF at Rio+20
Carlos Eduardo Young, economist and professor at the Rio de Janeiro Federal University (UFRJ), and a specialist in sustainable development and economic tools for the environment
Matthieu Tiberghien, Action Carbone project manager for GoodPlanet
Lasse Gustavsson, Executive Director, Conservation of WWF International
Jacques Moineville, Associate Chief Executive Officer at AFD
Invited by Air France, the exclusive sponsor of the HCPF, several journalists from large French media groups travelled to Madagascar from 5 to 9 October to see what the HCPF had achieved, three years after its launch. After the first day spent essentially on learning about carbon accounting, our vahiny ("guests" in Malagasy) visited the remarkable spiny forests in the south to discover this unique world and all the measures taken by WWF to preserve it. A day rich in discoveries and emotions for all participants.
TV5 Monde, Europe 1, Paris Match, Les Echos, Le Point, Youphil, Memento