Mpanga-Kipengere Game Reserve, Tanzania

Geographical location:

Africa/Madagascar > East Africa > Tanzania

Kipengere Game Reserve, Tanzania.
© WWF Tanzania / Clement Mabula

Summary

The Mpanga-Kipengere Game Reserve in Tanzania’s Southern Highlands covers an area of 1,574km2 at an altitude of 1800-2300m above sea level. The reserve is the source of several rivers that feed into the Great Ruaha River and Usangu wetlands.

WWF is supporting Tanzania’s wildlife authorities to conduct an inventory of the reserve’s biodiversity, develop reforestation activities as well as work with local communities to create community awareness on the importance of natural resources conservation and management.

Background

Mpanga/Kipengere Game Reserve lies on the northern tip of the volcanic Livingstone - Kipengere mountain range. The Reserve covers an area of 1,574 km2, at an altitude of 1,800 - 2,300 meters above sea level. It lies partly in Makete and Njombe districts. It is the source of the Mbarali, Mlomboji, Kimani and Ipera Rivers, which drain northwards and joins to form the Great Ruaha River, which then drains into the Usangu Wetlands and associated swamps.

The reserve area is rich in both fauna and flora. A unique montane forest type in Tanzania covers most of the reserve: “Southern Rift Montane Woodlands”. Preliminary findings of biodiversity survey conducted within the Kipengere Range and Mpanga Highland Catchment area during the dry season (June to September 2002) revealed that there are 28 species of indigenous mammals representing 17 families in woodland areas of the Reserve. Within the forest grassland mosaic areas of the Reserve, 24 species of indigenous mammals representing 16 families were recorded. Apart from mammals, a large number of birds, reptiles, amphibians, butterflies and tree species were also recorded.

Objectives

Main objective:

Support the Wildlife Division of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism in developing the General Management Plan (GMP) for the Game Reserve. A participatory approach has been adopted throughout the process of developing the GMP. Various stakeholders have been involved in a series of workshops organised to discuss issues to be included in the GMP.

Specific objectives:

- Create awareness on the importance of environmental/natural resources management among the local communities adjacent to the Game Reserve.

- Conduct a Biodiversity Inventory within the Game Reserve.

- Conduct a Socio-economic survey within villages adjacent the Game Reserve.

- Facilitate establishment and support the functioning of Environmental Education and Awareness Programme.

- Facilitate community reforestation activities.

- Facilitate the establishment and functioning of Village Environmental Committees (VEC) within communities adjacent to the Game Reserve.

- Facilitate establishment and functioning of a Project Advisory Committee.

Solution

- Improve community awareness on the importance of natural resources conservation and environmental management at large.

- Foster local communities’ participation in conservation of natural resources found within and adjacent to the Mpanga/Kipengere Game Reserve.

- Promote sustainable livelihoods.

Achievement

- Awareness on the importance of environmental/natural resources management among the local communities adjacent to the Game Reserve has been improved.

- A comprehensive biodiversity inventory has been conducted within the Game Reserve.

- A socio-economic survey has been conducted within villages adjacent to the Game Reserve and a report produced.

- The community members of villages adjacent to the Game Reserve have undertaken reforestation activities.

- Village Environmental Committees (VEC) have been established within communities adjacent to the Game Reserve.

- A functional Project Advisory Committee (PAC) has been established.

- Preparation of the General Management Plan (GMP) for the Game Reserve completed. This is the main activity of the project in its first phase, whereby implementation of the GMP will be featured in the subsequent phases.

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