Land of the lemurs
Lemurs vary greatly in size, appearance and behaviour - from the tiny pygmy mouse lemur to the large white and black panda-looking indri.
There is the sifaka, known as the "dancing" lemur because of its unusual ballet-like movement when sashaying across open areas, while the ring-tailed lemur is easily recognized by its long, black and white ringed tail.
Some live in the country's moist, tropical rainforests, while others live in dry forests and desert areas.
As diverse as they are, lemurs have one thing in common - they are all in some way in danger of becoming extinct.
International problems, local conservation
Many animals and plants are also threatened by the international wildlife trade. Chameleons, geckos, snakes and tortoises are the most targeted.
In an effort to revert the trend of biodiversity loss, WWF is working on a number of conservation efforts, including working with the government to create and expand protected areas.
WWF has been active in Madagascar for more than 3 decades, providing local communities with the support necessary to manage natural resources effectively. Many of the community-based conservation projects focus on sustainable income opportunities such as ecotourism.
When local communities have the responsibility to manage their natural resources, they tend to protect them better and use them in a sustainable way.