Indus Delta, Pakistan
It is here where the fan-shaped delta forms an extensive system of swamps, mudflats, creeks, estuaries, marshes and mangroves forests.
The Indus River Delta is an important region for migrating water birds, and is an area rich in fish, including giant snakehead (Channa marulius), Indus baril (Barilius modestus), Indus garua (Clupisoma naziri) and Rita catfish (Rita rita).
It is also home to one of the few species of freshwater dolphin, the Indus river dolphin (Platanista minor).
Keeping the flowDams along the river reduce flows, particularly in lower parts of the Indus River, limiting the transport of much-needed fertile sediments downstream into the delta. They also fragment freshwater habitat, posing a serious threat to the survival of the river dolphin and other species.
Water extraction for irrigation, runoff of chemicals into the river and introduced species also threaten the delta's freshwater species.
WWF works in Pakistan to conserve Indus river dolphin habitat and reduce water pollution. The international environmental organization also focuses on freshwater scarcity in the coastal areas of the Indus Delta.
Protecting the Indus river dolphin
Water pollution, poaching and habitat fragmentation due to dams and irrigation systems are all threatening the dolphin's survival. WWF works to conserve their habitat and has been involved in a number of rescue missions where individual dolphins find themselves trapped in canals.
Other threatened river dolphins include the Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica), Yangtze river dolphin (Lipotes vexillifer) and Amazon river dolphin (Inia geoffrensis).