REDD+ shared experiences
• Madre de Dios is one of the pilot regions for the implementation of the mechanism on reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+) in Perú
May 14, 2013, Madre de Dios – Peru. The Amazon region of Madre de Dios continues its process towards consolidating a development model coherent with its unique biological and cultural diversity. In this opportunity, with the support of WWF Indonesia’s experts, who visited our country and shared their experiences and lessons learned during the implementation of a similar approach in the Asian country.
Thus, between May 6 and 8 of this year, Arif Data Kusuma, Project leader Kutai Barat Office (Kalimantan Timur) and Kristina Van Dexter, WWF Forest & Climate Initiative; WWF US Environmental Economics Program Policy Department respectively, hold meetings with different regional and local stakeholders involved in the development and implementation of the REDD+ mechanism in Madre de Dios. A region similar to Kutai Barat (Indonesia), in which most of the rural population depends upon the forest goods and services and at the same time, the severe ranching and other inadequate managed activities are contributing towards the rapidly increase of deforestation.
Regarding these shared experiences, Jiang Oliver Liao Torres, from the Regional Management of Natural Resources and Environmental Management of Madre de Dios, said: “this approach to the experience in Indonesia has been quite significant, because it has a regulatory mechanism that provides REDD mechanisms. This allows us to have a sort of government vision for understanding that we can generate development through clean mechanisms and preserve the large forest mass of our region; it is also a good example of adequate forest governance. This sharing has enabled us to raise awareness about the long way to go, as well as the many challenges and problems to solve.”
Besides sharing experiences of Indonesia, regarding the implementation of the REDD+ mechanism, the safeguard subject was also addressed through examples in nearby countries, such as Colombia and Brazil, in which national participatory processes were carried out for its construction. With these safeguards, it is expected that the Regional Government of Madre de Dios – GOREMAD builds up indicators, alongside indigenous peoples, farmers, miners, forest rangers, companies and other stakeholders, in order to ensure the environmental and social benefits promoted by REDD+, as well as halting environmental and social damages from such mechanism.
According to Alonso Córdova, from the Forest Carbon Program – WWF Peru Coordinator of Madre de Dios: “Safeguards are based on the idea of equity, however there is too much asymmetry, which means a transnational stakeholder, advised by a entire team, negotiates with someone who only has primary education. The safeguards are trying to solve this issue.”
GOREMAD’s Social Development Management, advised by the Natural Resources Management, is in charge of leading the advance towards the consolidation of safeguards. Regarding this, Moises Saavedra, Sub-Manager of public participation and indigenous communities, underpinned that “We, as the Regional Government of Madre de Dios, must lead this Committee transparently. On behalf of the Regional Government, we thank to both international representatives of Indonesia and US, who have strengthened and ensured the continuity of the Safeguard Committee.”
Madre de Dios is focusing on the implementation of a green economy, i.e., a low-carbon economy. To achieve this, WWF is working alongside regional and local authorities, but also with producers’ unions and indigenous peoples’ representatives, who in turn are participating through different spaces in the construction of a development model that does not destroy the regional forest heritage.
In this regard, the relevant stakeholders are taking significant steps, such as the creation of a Regional Environmental Authority (ARA – Madre de Dios) of vital importance for strengthening environmental issues and prompting better coordination efforts with environmental policies at national level.
Regarding this creation, Carlos Soria, WWF Senior Policy Specialist, underpinned, “I think it is right that exists a workgroup in the creation of ARA, but we must consider this will have a political and technical function. Besides, we have to consider a budget and the sustainability of the institutional proposal which covers the expenses of the specialized technical staff, resources, services, projects.”
The exchange of experiences, as well as the support in the creation of the ARA and other initiatives to strengthen the environmental governance in Madre de Dios, are supported by WWF within the project Framework of REDD People and Nature – RPAN, Living Amazon and SALL Foundation.