Mozambique government approves 2013-2014 action plan for Green Economy
Mozambique’ Green Economy Roadmap is a vision document that draws broad outlines of the elements of a green growth strategy for Mozambique. The majority of economic activities in the country, including the livelihoods of the population depend on the natural capital that is available, whether for food supply (agriculture), tourism, mining, energy, timber, fisheries, or otherwise. Research recently conducted to assess the country’s wealth found that both renewable and non-renewable natural capital accounted for 49% of total wealth, dominated by subsoil resources (41%), cropland (30%) and timber resources (15%), which is significantly higher than the Sub-Saharan African average of 24% (MICOA & AFD 2009).
The launch of the roadmap at Rio +20 was followed by the development of a clear Action Plan for Green Growth, in a process linked to the long-term National Development Strategy (ENDE) 2015-2035, which clearly recognises the fundamental role of the sustainable management of natural resources for economic development to benefit present and future generations.
The plan outlines what the Government of Mozambique will do over the period of one year, on the road to Green Economy. Among others, the plan outlines a nation-wide assessment of the country’s natural wealth that provides Mozambique with ecosystem goods and services imperative for survival and well-being. The results of this process will be used, among others, to inform the country’s five-year national planning document for the period of 2015-2019.
Deputy Minister for the Coordination of Environmental Action, Ana Chichava, noted this week that the plan envisages sustainable use of natural resources through the integration of three pillars of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental.
"We cannot approve any business project without analysing the economic gain, the social impact and the environmental impact thereof," said the Deputy Minister.
Currently, WWF and other partners such as the University of Eduardo Mondlane, Stanford University, the African Development Bank, UNEP and UNDP, are helping the government of Mozambique implement their Green Economy plan. WWF will be specifically providing technical support in baseline mapping and valuation of all natural resources, zoning of territory according to natural capital management objectives and strengthening civil society organizations participation in the valuation process for effective and inclusive management of Mozambique’s all important natural assets.
WWF’s Country Director for Mozambique, Mrs. Anabela Rodrigues, notes that the conservation organization will continue working with government and partners to help Mozambique realize its Green Economy action plan and help it secure areas that are critical to livelihoods in the country.
“We are currently supporting the Government in carrying out a detailed natural capital mapping for the newly declared Primeiras and Segundas multi-use management area as input for the development of a management plan for the same. This recently gazetted conservation area is of significant importance considering that it will make a major contribution to the livelihoods of the people in the region and Mozambique as a whole, while ensuring that biodiversity is preserved for present and future generations” said Mrs. Rodrigues.
By John Kabubu, Dr. Peter Scheren and BERNAMA