Political leadership in the Coral Triangle
An ambitious agendaWWF has long worked to conserve the Coral Triangle because of its outstanding biodiversity, its importance as a source of food, livelihood, and income for millions, and its role as a provider of ecosystems goods and services to a global population. Such work continues for the international community under the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF).
A call to actionThe marine and coastal resources of the Coral Triangle support over 360 million people in the region, and many more outside it. Climate change, and its potentially disastrous effects on ecosystems that sustain people and communities, has provided the compelling case for action.
Such action led to the establishment in 2009 of the multilateral CTI-CFF with six countries and numerous development partners including WWF. WWF has since worked actively in the CTI-CFF to address issues covered by the CTI-CFF 2020 Regional Plan of Action and National Plans of Action.
Targets for effective governanceWWF works closely with national programmes in Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, and the Solomon Islands, as well as in Fiji, a regional hub in the South Pacific and home to WWF’s Pacific Programme.
Using a Blue Economy approach, WWF’s work in the region aims for biodiversity conservation by reducing environmental footprints and improving climate change resiliency at the grassroots level. Effective ocean management is essential for the protection of marine ecosystems.
WWF’s work in the Coral Triangle has outlined specific targets under the CTI-CFF Regional Plan of Action, and in line with WWF’s imperative to see more areas being effectively managed.
By 2025, WWF aims to see:
- At least 5 million hectares (ha) of new MPAs/MMAs created in the Coral Triangle, contributing to WWF’s Global Oceans Goal of 20% MPAs – this includes:
- 2 million ha of effective MPAs/MMAs demonstrating integrated conservation and sustainable social and economic benefits through biodiversity protection, restoration of ecosystems/fisheries, livelihoods (e.g., fisheries, tourism), food security, and coastal protection.
- 3 million ha of tuna spawning, nursery, and migratory paths legally protected and effectively managed.
- 75% decrease in volume from 2015 levels of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU)-sourced fish entering export supply chains from the Coral Triangle
- At least 50% of exported fisheries commodities from the Coral Triangle come from recognized and credible fishery & aquaculture improvement programmes
- Coral Triangle countries implementing effective fishing capacity controls in line with the provisions of the Western & Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) Conservation Management Measures
- 50% reduction in tuna by-catch, including juvenile tunas
- Tuna fisheries limiting catch to no more than maximum sustainable yield (MSY)
- Increases in stocks of key tuna species on the brink of collapse
Mechanisms for successWWF is working to leverage effective, forward-looking policies and financial mechanisms for sustainable resource management and governance, to support sustainable development of Coral Triangle countries in a changing climate.
Collaborations such as the CTI-CFF provide common ground for governments, development partners, communities, research and academic institutions, investors, and other key stakeholders to contribute to the Regional Plan of Action (2020) and the corresponding 6 National Plans of Action.
The CTI-CFF and associated projects have attracted almost USD1.4 billion in combined funding since 2009. The CTI-CFF has developed the regional frameworks for the Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area System and Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries Management (EAFM).