Managing mining operations
1. Reduce mercury useMercury is a metal that can be highly toxic to both humans and wildlife. Mercury use in gold mining is banned in both Malaysia and Indonesia, however its use persists.
In Central Kalimantan, over 50 tons of mercury is estimated to be emitted into the environment annually, in one location alone.
There are efforts to help small-scale miners reduce the negative health impacts from mercury use, and potentially find alternative revenue streams.
2. Rehabilitate mining sitesMining activities only require the temporary use of land and once the valuable resources have been extracted it is vital that the area is adequately restored to its previous state.
- Mine rehabilitation plans should be drawn-up before mining activities begin, and approved for each mine as part of the EIA
- Plans for the reclamation and rehabilitation of mines need to include provisions for pre-mining assessments, storage of sediment and top soils during mining activities, and a strategy to return removed soil, and replant the area to encourage natural regeneration.