Transboundary Ecological Network
The ecological network should encompass a representative sample of habitats and species, such as valuable wetlands sustaining species migration routes, high-conservation-value forests, protecting populations of large mammals and securing natural spawning sites for rare fish.
The Amur-Heilong Green Belt - an ecological network uniting the goals and strategies of the protected area systems in the three countries - would be a critical step toward establishing a more widespread and ecologically effective protected area system in the Amur-Heilong River Basin as a whole. Conservation along the national borders should be at the heart of future protected areas planning, contributing to environmental safety and harmonious coexistence of neighbouring countries. Cooperation between nature reserves across the border is already underway in the regions where international protected areas are established: Dauria International Protected Area - DIPA in Daurian steppe and International Khanka nature reserve at Lake Khanka/Xingkaihu. Such cooperation is also needed in virtually all major boundary regions of the Amur-Heilong River Basin, especially on Sanjiang wetlands in the Amur Midflow. Conservation of Far Eastern Leopards – the most endangered cat in the world - requires establishment of the Land of Leopard - a cross-border protected area network linking Southern Primorye in Russia to Changbai Mountains on Sino-Korean border.