Brazil-nut tree

Bertholletia excelsa - Brazil nuts Brazil nuts come from wild trees as they cannot be grown in plantations Belém, Amazonas, Brazil
© WWF / Edward PARKER
The brazil-nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa) is a common tree species which rises above the canopy, reaching 40m. Yellow flowers grow on it, which eventually turn into large fruits, containing between 1 and 2 dozen seeds. Nuts are contained in large woody rounded pods that break open when they fall on the forest floor.

The brazil-nut tree is found on floodplains and terra firma, where it tends to be widely spaced. It is noted for the absence of buttresses and propping roots, which are replaced by surface and underground roots.

The nuts are harvested throughout the Amazon region, and are reportedly tasty, but high in fat content.

Subscribe to our mailing list

* indicates required
Donate to WWF

Your support will help us build a future where humans live in harmony with nature.

Enter Yes if you accept the terms and conditions