Brazilian government establishes new financial arrangement to Arpa Program
The Brazil’s Ministry of Environment (MMA) carries out on May 21, the signing ceremony of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) of Arpa, which formalizes the construction of a new financing strategy for the protected areas (PAs) supported by Amazon Protected Areas Program (Arpa). The document represents the beginning of a new phase of the program and ensures the allocation of financial resources of approximately 215 million dollars to be deposited into a transition fund that will ensure, over the next 25 years, the permanent maintenance of 60 million hectares of PAs supported by Arpa.
This is a result of the Initiative “Arpa for Life - Commitment to the Amazon", launched in 2012 during Rio+20. The project represents an innovative effort to ensure the sustainability of PAs Program, which covers 15% of the Brazilian Amazon. Through the creation, expansion and strengthening of PAs, Arpa combines the conservation and promotion of regional socioeconomic development.
According to the document, the long-term financing will be possible only through the gradual increase of public resources for the management of PAs, and, after 25 years, the Government will assume 100% of the cost to protect these units. "The result is part of a huge conservation effort for government, partners and donors. It is a new phase that includes the implementation of bolder financial mechanisms for maintaining PAs", explains Maria Cecilia Wey de Brito, CEO of WWF-Brazil, one of the partners of the government in the Initiative.
“The explosion in demand for natural resources has made our parks and world heritage sites vulnerable,” said Carter Roberts, president and CEO of WWF-US. “So we convened leading financial thinkers and philanthropic partners to create a plan for a first-of-its-kind bridge fund to ensure Arpa’s inspiring success story can be told forever.”
The MOU signing will be carried out at 10.30 a.m, at Naoum Plaza, in Brasilia (Brazil) and will be signed by the Brazilian Environment Minister, Izabella Teixeira, and representatives of the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio), the Ministry for the German Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (FUNBIO), the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, WWF-Brazil, WWF-US and the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
Arpa is a federal program, coordinated by the Ministry of Environment (MMA), and considered the single largest tropical forest conservation program in history. The Program was created in 2002 through an innovative arrange among Federal Government, Amazonian State Agencies, private institutions and civil society. Arpa aims to promote the conservation and permanent protection biodiversity of 60 million hectares or 15% of the Brazilian Amazon territory – an area equivalent to the size of Spain – through the creation, expansion and strengthening of protected areas (PAs) management.
Also it was created aiming the expansion and strengthen of the national system of protect areas in the Amazon and to provide financial resources for the management of their PAs and promote sustainable development in the Amazon.
Currently, the program supports 95 PAs, corresponding to 128 million acres/52 million hectares. Protected areas supported by the program are benefited with goods, works and contracting services needed for the integration with the surrounding communities, the formation of the management counsel, management plans, and other actions necessary for its proper operation.