In 1997, more than 100 nations gathered to adopt the UN Watercourses Convention – a flexible and overarching global legal framework that establishes basic standards and rules for cooperation between watercourse states on the use, management, and protection of international watercourses.
On 21 May 2014, Viet Nam became the 35th contracting state to the UN Watercourses Convention. As a result of this, the UNWC entered into force on the 17th of August 2014.
In early 2006, WWF launched a global initiative to promote the UN Watercourses Convention and accelerate its ratification process. The initiative has mobilized several governments and other stakeholders in efforts to raise awareness, build capacity and support countries interested in becoming parties to the convention. Such partners include Green Cross, the UN Secretary General's Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation, the IHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science, under the auspices of UNESCO, and the Global Nature Fund, among others.
Download further information on the Convention:
1) Text of the UN Watercourses Convention:
- Arabic (official version)
- Chinese (official version)
- English (official version)
- French (official version)
- German (official translation by the German government)
- Greek (official translation by the Greek government)
- Portuguese (unofficial version)
- Russian (official version)
- Spanish (official version)
2) Everything you need to know about the UN Watercourses Convention: an informational brochure that includes freshwater facts and various case studies from around the globe.
3) Voting records: see which countries sponsored and voted for the adoption of the UN Watercourses Convention in 1997.
4) Ratification status: see which nations have taken the lead in international water policy by joining the UN Watercourses Convention.
5) Procedures for ratification/accession: see the steps a government must follow to ratify or accede to the UN Watercourses Convention.
6) Information briefs: role and relevance of the UN Watercourses Convention in specific regions