Current status: Not evaluated
Found in: Tropical, subtropical, and temperate oceans globally
Interesting biology: Corallium colonies provide habitat for sessile invertebrates and increase biodiversity where they occur. Colonies occur in geographically isolated and spatially confined communities on rocky bottom habitats, typically aggregating on banks and seamounts, under ledges, and in and around caves.
Population status: Harvest of both Mediterranean and Pacific Corallium species has followed a pattern of discovery, commercial harvest, and overexploitation, leading to a decline in abundance and exhaustion of the resource. Most shallow water populations are now characterized by non-reproductive colonies that are too small to be legally harvested. Commercially viable reefs are still found in deeper waters.
Traded as: Skeletons for jewellery and the creation of art objects; powdered skeletons for herbal or homeopathic medicines