What is the difference between ecotourism and sustainable tourism? | WWF

What is the difference between ecotourism and sustainable tourism?

Confused about the difference between ecotourism and sustainable tourism? These definitions may help.

Sustainable tourism

According to the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), sustainable tourism is tourism development with a balance between environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects:

“Sustainability principles refer to the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development. A suitable balance must be established between these three dimensions to guarantee its long term sustainability” 

Ecotourism

For the International Ecotourism Society (TIES), ecotourism is defined as:

"Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment, sustains the well-being of the local people, and involves interpretation and education"

Ecotourism should provide direct financial benefits for conservation and local people and is focused on the conservation of natural resources.
 
	© Ana Fazio / FVSA
Whale watching in Península Valdes, Argentina. FVSA is developing Codes of Conduct for this activity as part of a responsible tourism plan.
© Ana Fazio / FVSA

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