Working for sustainable fishing

Nearly a third of commercial fisheries globally have already collapsed. And since few of the ocean's fish stocks have been assessed, this figure may be a major underestimate.

There is an urgent need to work at all levels to drive commercial fisheries towards sustainability while improving the management of the world’s small-scale fisheries and aquaculture practices.

For this reason, WWF invests in solutions that work not only for fish and fishermen but for everyone – and that means making long-term sustainable marine management the rule, not the exception.
 / ©: Jürgen Freund / WWF
Skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) from Mabul fishermen delivering their catch to Semporna, Sabah, Malaysia.
© Jürgen Freund / WWF

Why fisheries?

Healthy oceans and fisheries are essential for life and the provision of food, livelihoods and a strong marine economy.

Fish is a major source of animal protein
12% of the world's population depends on fisheries
40% of coastal fisheries is responsible for 40% of world's wild-caught seafood
90% of fish farmers are small-scale producers from developing countries
The value of global aquaculture production
For the past 40 years, WWF has invested efforts globally to reverse this decline by sharing our experience and expertise with fishermen, processors, retailers, marine industries and communities to develop lasting solutions.

Engagement at the local level...
In our priority regions, WWF focuses on what we define as community-based management—an approach that empowers communities to take charge of ocean resources in a way that safeguards their supply, well into the future. This approach is also at the heart of our work with people who make a living from small-scale commercial or subsistence aquaculture.
 / ©: Brian J. Skerry / National Geographic Stock / WWF
Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares)
© Brian J. Skerry / National Geographic Stock / WWF

Working together

WWF can't reverse the downward trend in fisheries alone. We forge partnerships with organizations that have complementary areas of expertise, such as Blue Ventures and CARE, because by working together we can catalyze bigger impacts.

► BLOG: How WWF works with CARE and communities in Mozambique to protect critical ecosystems 
► VIDEO: Blue Ventures - a unique conservation approach
 / ©: WWF Madagascar / Gregg Smith
The sea is central to life in Beheloke, but can eco-tourism have a place there as well?
© WWF Madagascar / Gregg Smith
Helping small-scale fishers and coastal communities to rely on marine resources sustainably
 / ©: Michel Gunther / WWF
Coast near Kaş on the Mediterranean Sea, Turkey.
© Michel Gunther / WWF
Making sure that fisheries frameworks also support Marine Protected Areas, to allow stocks to replenish
 / ©: WWF / Meg Gawler
People rely on their dhow boats for their livelihood and transport. Kiunga Marine National Reserve, Kenya.
© WWF / Meg Gawler
 / ©: WWF / Edward Parker
Vangunu, Solomon Islands.
© WWF / Edward Parker
 / ©: WWF Pakistan Umair Shahid
Fishermen reunion
© WWF Pakistan Umair Shahid
...working with companies...
Globally, WWF focuses on reducing the negative impacts of the fishing industry in the world’s most ecologically important marine ecoregions and conserving the most commercially valuable species such as tuna and whitefish.

This entails creating sustainable market incentives–spurring fishers, processors, buyers and retailers to commit to certified wild-caught fisheries (Marine Stewardship Council, MSC) and aquaculture (Aquaculture Stewardship CouncilASC), and to purchase and sell seafood products that can be traced back to their origin.
...influencing governments and international law
We need to change the rules of the fisheries game at the highest level, by advocating for ecosystem-based management including in the high seas, tracking down illegal fishers, finding practical solutions for unmanaged fisheries and defining new business models that will transform the way fisheries perform.

This requires strategic partnerships, sustained capacity and forward thinking. As the following examples show, the approach pays off:
Fisheries & ecosystems: 2 sides of the same coin
Too often, fisheries operations disregard the fact that healthy fish stocks depend on a healthy ocean and responsible management. This is where Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) comes in, an approach to find new ways to manage fish stocks without harming other species, protecting ecosystems and ultimately supporting sustainable fisheries and the fishers that depend on them.

WWF was the first conservation organization to produce an international holistic framework for EBM of marine capture fisheries.

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