Increasing protection: corals and mangroves
- A commitment by the six Coral Triangle nations through the Coral Triangle Initiative to protect the marine environment and resouces of the region. The Coral Triangle Initiative Leaders’ Declaration is the most detailed regional action plan for ocean conservation ever seen.
- A new zoning plan for Australia's Great Barrier Reef Marine Park that created the world’s largest network of marine highly protected areas.
- New commitments for coral and mangrove protection on every continent, including a commitment by the government of Fiji to protect at least 30% of its seas in MPAs by 2020.
- The passing of the Marine Turtle Conservation Act by the US Senate, establishing a fund for marine turtle conservation of which a good portion is expected to be used for coral and mangrove protection.
- An EU Regulation to eliminate trawling near the UK's Darwin Mounds, effectively protecting this cold-water reef from its most deadly threat.
- The incorporation of cold-water coral protection worldwide on the agendas of the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) and UNEP's Coral Reef Unit.
- Application of the EU Habitats and Birds Directives to include the full extent of the maritime jurisdiction of EU member states, thus protecting a number of cold-water coral habitats throughout European seas.
Why protect corals and mangroves?
This makes these ecosystems more resilient and so less vulnerable to other threats like global warming, pollution, and sediment run-off from the land. For example, the absence of other stresses makes it easier for tropical corals to recover from a coral bleaching incident.
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