Tools for forest conservation

Park managers filling out the RAPPAM questionnaire in Bach Ma National Park, August 2004. rel=
Park managers filling out the RAPPAM questionnaire in Bach Ma National Park, August 2004.

Increasing the impact of our forest conservation work

WWF employs a range of approaches and tools to increase the impact of its work in conserving the world's forests. Some of these tools are developed jointly with partners and all go through rigorous testing before being deployed.
Many can be downloaded here for use.

New guide for financial institutions: The Palm Oil Financing Handbook

Practical guidance on sustainable financing and investing in the palm oil sector
How can banks and investors reduce their risks in the palm oil sector?
How can financial institutions encourage sustainable palm oil production?
These two questions are the starting point for The Palm Oil Financing Handbook, which aims to help financial institutions create or strengthen their own responsible palm oil finance and investment policies. The handbook offers step-by-step advice on everything from defining the scope of such a policy, to developing appropriate screening criteria and helping client or investee companies comply with the policy. Read more

Download The Palm Oil Financing Handbook here!


High conservation value forests (HCVF) are defined as forests of outstanding and critical importance due to their environmental, socio-economic, biodiversity and/or landscape values. WWF promotes this practical approach towards responsible forestry across all land tenures.

Identifying forests of high conservation value assists forest owners, companies and other relevant forest stakeholders in conservation planning, for instance to decide which parts of a forest must be given higher priority for protection than others. WWF works with partners to identify and protect forests with high conservation value.

Find out more about the HCVF toolkit | about HCVFs


This manual has been developed by WWF’s Global Forest & Trade Network (GFTN) for use by organizations wishing to extend a program of responsible purchasing to further address difficulties arising from possible trade in “illegal” forest products.

The manual is aimed at any medium-size or large enterprise that purchases forest products, including processors, importers, manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers. It may also be useful to smaller enterprises.

WWF has produced this manual with the intention that it should become the first point of reference for all parts of the timber supply chain seeking to establish what represents current best practice with respect to buying, processing, and selling legal timber and timber products.


This guide has been developed by WWF’s Global Forest & Trade Network (GFTN) for use by a purchasing organization wishing to develop a program for the responsible purchasing of forest products. The guide lays out a generic approach for the development and implementation of a responsible purchasing policy, hereafter referred to as a responsible purchasing program.

The guide is aimed at any medium-size or large enterprise, including primary mills, secondary processors, importers, manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers, that purchase or procure forest products. In appropriate circumstances it may also serve to guide smaller enterprises.

The guide outlines the various ways in which purchasing organizations can demonstrate compliance with best practice and ultimately with their own purchasing policies. It is based on tried and tested mechanisms and on extensive experience in the development of responsible purchasing programs.


The Pathfinder is a series of instruments to support and empower multi-stakeholder working groups in developing forest certification standards. It describes the institutional requirements for forest certification, how certification and chain of custody work, and how to formulate sustainable forest management standards.

Find out more about the Pathfinder instrument


The WWF/World Bank Global Forest Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use has published a tool for assessing the comprehensiveness of forest certification systems.

Formerly known as the Questionnaire for Assessing the Comprehensiveness of Certification Systems/Schemes (QACC), the Guide has been simplified, redesigned, and structured around widely used existing frameworks such as ISO, as well as both organizations' criteria for sustainable forest management.

The Alliance plans to use the Guide to assist the development of forest certification systems in various countries.

Download the WWF/World Bank's Forest Certification Assessment Guide:  English (PDF) 611 Kb | Russian (PDF) 1.1 Mb | Portuguese (PDF) 706Kb


The Modular Implementation and Verification (MIV) toolkit provides a practical tool for achieving a phased or step-wise application of forest management standards and certification.

It is now widely recognised that the process of implementing responsible forestry standards and achieving forest certification is very challenging. With the help of the MIV toolkit, certification becomes more accessible to forest managers in many parts of the world.

The tool is being used by the WWF's Global Forest & Trade Network (GFTN)'s Producer Groups. 

Find out more about the toolkit


WWF's Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Areas Management (RAPPAM) methodology was created by the Forests for Life Programme to provide policy makers and park managers with an appropriate tool to assess the management effectiveness of protected area systems.

Among other, the RAPPAM identifies management strengths and weaknesses, analyses the scope, severity, prevalence, and distribution of a variety of threats and pressures, and identify areas of high ecological and social importance and vulnerability

Find out more about RAPPAM


The World Bank/WWF Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool has been developed to help track and monitor progress in the achievement of the World Bank/WWF Alliance worldwide protected area management effectiveness target.

It is also hoped that the tracking tool will be used more generally where it can help monitor progress towards improving management effectiveness; for example it is being used by the Global Environment Facility.

Find out more about the tracking tool


In an effort to identify and prioritize interventions that would advance sound forest management, the World Bank/WWF Alliance has developed "The Pyramid - A diagnostic and planning tool for good forest governance." It is hoped that this tool will stimulate participatory assessment and target-setting at the country level.

The concept behind the pyramid diagnostic and planning tool is that some elements of good forest governance are common to a wide range of nations. By grouping these elements in several tiers of complexity, the pyramid can serve as a country level planning tool in forest management.

In a multi-stakeholder process, the tool can be used to assess the status of forest governance using a scoring system to identify what is working, what is missing, and what needs to be done for different elements of forest governance.

Find out more about the Pyramid Tool from IIED website

Download the Pyramid tool: English (PDF) 980 Kb - Russian (PDF) 1.4 Mb

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