Agriculture and Environment: Cotton
Environmental Impacts of Production: Freshwater contamination
Runoff from cotton fields contaminates rivers, lakes, and wetlands with suspended solids, pesticides, fertilisers, and salts. These pollutants can affect biodiversity directly due to their toxicity or indirectly through long-term accumulation.
Underground aquifers can also be contaminated with chemicals, pesticides, or salts from cotton production. This draws into question any potential future uses of the water.