In 2012, WWF established a new initiative to safeguard the precious oceans of South America. The Southern Cone (SC) is a marine ecosystem area of over 5.6 million km², encompassing three oceans - the Southeastern Pacific, the Southwestern Atlantic and the Southern Ocean together extending to more than 91.000 kilometers of coastline. It is home to extraordinary species and plants such as sea turtles, whales, sharks and cold-water corals.
Three important fisheries - forage fish, whitefish and farmed salmon - bring about an important part of the global seafood production but they are heavily overexploited. The impact of unsustainable fishing goes beyond overfishing of these species and contributes to the loss of other species like dolphins, fur seals, sea turtles, petrels, penguins and albatrosses.
Through the SCA, WWF is working with its local offices (WWF Chile, Peru and Argentina) and partners to keep this beautiful ecosystem in balance and drive sustainable fishing practices. One way of doing this is through promoting certification of fisheries according to Marine Stewardship Council (MSC
) standards, or in the case of farmed salmon, the Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC)
standards). We also advocate with governments and Regional Fisheries Organisations (RFMOs) for stricter and more efficient fisherie management in the Southern Cone, to advance marine spatial planning and create Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)