Spanish tuna fleet commits to five-year timeline for MSC certification
A growing number of tropical tuna stocks are overfished including bigeye tuna in the Western Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, and yellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean. This worrying trend results from incomplete management by RFMOs. The gaps in measures include harvest control rules, well-defined reference points for tuna, and management of fish aggregating devices (FADs). In addition, there is urgent need to control fishing activities by longline vessels and the illegal use of driftnets.
The FIP work plan was prepared by an independent expert according to the specifications of WWF guidelines for FIP development. This work plan was greatly enhanced through input by the expert members of the Advisory Group who evaluated and proposed actions, timelines and milestones to achieve the goals of the FIP. Now, WWF, OPAGAC and other partners will implement the FIP and work with the RFMOs responsible for improving the management of tropical tuna fisheries through adoption of more appropriate regulatory frameworks for yellowfin, skipjack and bigeye tuna fisheries. The regulatory frameworks need harvest strategies and fishing levels based on the best available science, and that allow for maximum sustainable yield (MSY).
Robust management of FADs, for their effects on both target species and the ecosystem, will be a key component of this FIP. At this time OPAGAC has successfully changed from FADs that had the capacity to entangle marine animals, in particular sharks, to FADs that are non-entangling. Next steps include the development of biodegradable FADs to reduce marine pollution, as well as the improvement of the selectivity of sets done on FADs to reduce the capture of sharks and juvenile tuna.
The FIP work plan will be executed over the next five years with progress evaluated twice a year. After completing the FIP activities, OPAGAC may apply for MSC certification.
Dr Daniel Suddaby, WWF Global Tuna Governance Lead: “Lack of effective management of tropical tuna stocks risks the loss of a critical component for the marine ecosystem, as well as the livelihoods and valuable protein sources for millions of people. Solutions to incentivise better management rely on collaboration of different sectors. This bold new initiative uniting the catching sector and WWF on a well-defined journey to sustainability is exciting and unique for its sheer scale and ambition.”
Dr Julio Morón, Manager of OPAGAC stated that “the launch of this challenging FIP has taken a long time, as we started our Scoping Study in 2014, but we believe that the effort is worth it. We hope to contribute to the sustainable exploitation of tropical tunas by strengthening RFMOs and by fishing responsibly, as industrial fisheries provide food to a large portion of the world’s population.”
For more detailed information:
- José Luis García Varas, Head of Marine Programme, WWF-Spain, firstname.lastname@example.org Mobile +34 690762163
- Daniel Suddaby, Global Tuna Governance Lead, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) tel. +44 (0)207.221.5395
- Julio Morón, Manager, OPAGAC, email@example.com