Getting the right management in place
WWF advocates for robust management of fisheries that ensure healthy fish stocks and help reduce the impacts of fishing on marine life.
The underlying base for our fisheries work is ecosystem-based management (EBM). EBM aims to achieve sustainable exploitation of natural resources by balancing the social and economic needs of human communities with the maintenance of healthy ecosystems. This includes scientific and precautionary stock management as well as measures to minimize bycatch and damage to marine habitats.
Our work to reduce overfishing, through EBM, includes:
- advocating for strong precautionary, science-based management
- creating incentives for improved management, as well as,
- implementing "Rights-Based Management". RBM is a tool that basically defines the right to use fisheries resources and that has proven to halt and even reverse the global trend toward overfishing by allocating individual fishing rights to fishermen, vessels, entreprises, communities or cooperatives, incorporating environmental and social indicators.
- defines the rights to use fisheries resources
- can be allocated individually or collectively
- has a value and can be traded (eg. catch limits, fishing licence, quota...)
- exist in most EU member states
Improving fisheries management
WWF is present in 11 RFMOs around the world to help provide scientific data and advocate for effective governance, monitoring and control measures that will lead to sustainable fishing, ensuring long-term healthy stocks.
Find out more here.
What are RFMOs?
However, this powerful tool to manage fisheries has generally not been exercised and many fish populations are still in decline.