WWF Forest and Climate Blog
First-hand reports from WWF's international Forest and Climate team
These are their words from the frontlines of their work...
REDD+ AT UNFCCC BONN MEETING (JUNE 2014)
REDD+ at UNFCCC-COP19: Warsaw, Poland
November 11-22, 2013This year, WWF's Forest and Climate team will be blogging about key REDD+ issues during UNFCCC-COP19. Check back regularly for new posts!
COP19: Final Reflections -- 27 November
We will be holding a webinar on the REDD+ outcomes in Warsaw. Please join us:
COP19: Thursday, November 21WWF has made the decision to join other NGOs to "walk out" of this year's global climate change meeting in Warsaw. For further information, please refer to this statement.
COP19: Wednesday, November 20
Well, it was quite a day for REDD+. Negotiators continue to debate inside COP19 on the issue of Results-based Finance for REDD+ and a draft decision is expected for tomorrow; on the other hand, it seems that there was an important breakthrough on the discussions around the SBSTA/SBI joint process related to the coordination of support and the consideration of institutional arrangements and other governance alternatives: it may be that the creation of the REDD+ Committee is out of the question here in Warsaw, but we will have to wait and see what Parties agree overnight.
Also, top REDD+ donor countries announced the launch of the Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes and a US$280 million starter fund, which will include private sector engagement. The initiative will be managed by the World Bank administered by the BioCarbon Fund, and is being launched by the US government (US$25 million), the United Kingdom (US$120 million) and Norway (up to US$135 million). While we at WWF applaud these countries for coming together to create this new initiative outside of the UN process, we hope it doesn’t distract from the need for the issue of REDD+ financing to be hammered out within the UNFCCC. Negotiators made great strides in the first few days of COP19 to work together and agree on the key technical issues of RLs and MRV. We really hope that they can also do the same to agree on a REDD+ finance architecture – we really believe that the time is here and now in Warsaw for this.
On other news coming out of the COP today, Poland’s Minister of the Environment, who is also the COP19 host-country President, has been removed from his ministerial position. He is expected to continue as the COP President, despite much criticism from many within the international NGO community here at the COP. We will have to see how this plays out in the coming days. We’ve posted our news release about the new Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes, along with the official launch documents, a video message from US Secretary of State John Kerry, and other related info. Also, we continue to update our Forest and Climate Negotiations page, which includes a growing list of information and resources related to REDD+ and UNFCCC.
COP19: November 19
We are still keeping our fingers crossed that negotiators can show their commitment to REDD+ and put aside differences to produce a decision on Finance. Hampering this at the moment is the insistence of the CfRN (lead by Papua New Guinea) on the creation of a REDD+ body (i.e. a REDD+ Committee), which they feel will help unblock the REDD+ Finance debates. Rather, this is only distracting attention, time and efforts from the really important and more pressing matters – and could easily result in REDD+ decisions being delayed until Paris and beyond. We share their frustrations with the lack of ability, to date, of some Parties to put aside their difference on Finance, but really believe that it is here and now in Warsaw that negotiators need to produce a decision on Finance, and that this will create an effective pathway to unlock results-based payments for REDD+. Our views are outlined in more detail in our news release here. In the meantime, we are awaiting a planned announcement on Wednesday by key REDD+ donor countries, who have hinted that they have big news to share on REDD+ funding commitments. Will their news be “big” enough? We will have to wait until tomorrow to find out.
COP19: November 18
It was a busy first week for REDD+ at COP19. While great progress was achieved in REDD+ technical negotiations – especially on the issues of RLs and MRV, discussions on Finance haven’t progressed as much as we’d have liked. Unfortunately, without agreement on a REDD+ Finance architecture, a balanced REDD+ package may not happen, and could threaten any major progress on REDD+ in Warsaw. We will have to see how the Finance discussions play out this week. Follow us on Twitter at @wwfforestcarbonfor breaking news reports from Warsaw as the week unfolds.
COP19: November 16
Congratulations to the Parties for working so hard to show their spirit to compromise and to show that progress is possible on REDD+. Let's keep the momentum going!
WWF's COP19 REDD+ team is part of a larger international WWF team observing the global climate meeting. This dedicated team is working to support and positively influence the decisions being made in Warsaw. Learn more about this work and what the broader team is up to at: www.panda.org/COP19.
COP19: November 14
COP19: November 12
COP19: Opening DayDay One of UNFCCC-COP19 started out well for REDD+ with several nations raising the importance of progressing REDD+ in their SBI remarks. In addition, the government of Cameroon and WWF hosted a side event that highlighted key REDD+ achievements in the country.
Civil society organizations, including WWF, hosted a press conference in which they presented their expectations for this year's COP. Watch an archive video recording of the press conference here.
WWF also hosted its own press conference on COP19 expectations, watch a video recording here.
Indigenous peoples also voiced strong pro-REDD+ voices on opening day, with COICA, a coalition representing indigenous groups from nine South American nations hosting a news conference on its Amazonian Indigenous REDD+ proposal. Watch COICA's news conference here.
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Oslo REDD+ Exchange 2013
Not in Oslo for the event? Join in and follow on Twitter #osloreddx or watch the stream http://www.norad.no/en/oslo-redd-exchange-2013/streaming/
Team updates from the Oslo REDD+ Exchange
Wednesday, 30 October 2013: Day two of the Oslo REDD Exchange
Tuesday, 29 October 2013: Day one of the Oslo REDD Exchange
As hundreds of participants from around the world settled into their seats this morning, the Oslo REDD Exchanged kicked off Day One with welcome remarks by Programme Committee Chair, Frances Seymour, and an introduction by Norwegian Minister of Climate and the Environment, Tine Sundtoft, who expressed continued support from the new government for REDD+ work.
The first plenary focused on REDD+ and Negotiations Finance and provided an overview of the current ‘state of play’ at the global level in the context of the UNFCCC negotiations and broader efforts to mobilize international finance for REDD+. After an introductory video message from UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres, panel discussions began. Frances Seymour moderated a panel discussion on the challenges and opportunities for maintaining the momentum behind REDD+, presenting perspectives from negotiators, donor countries, forest countries and the private sector. The panel then answered questions from the audience and via Twitter about the key barriers slowing down progress in negotiations and scaled up REDD+ finance and the roles of governments, corporations and civil society in overcoming those barriers.
The second plenary looked at National Level Progress on REDD+, moderated by James Astill, Political Editor of The Economist. Panelists included senior government officials and civil society representatives from Peru, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Brazil who described progress towards REDD+ objectives in their countries, achievements to date, lessons learned and their challenges ahead. Questions from the audience in Oslo (and online following #OsloREDDx) asked panelists to address how REDD+ efforts are catalyzing transformational changes in forest management, the biggest barriers to progress, and how the international community can support national-level initiatives.
When the plenary sessions came to a close, the Results Bar was a rich opportunity to connect with people face-to-face to showcase our lessons learned in the field through a variety of publications and this short video.
The WWF Forest and Climate team has now taken a ‘divide and conquer’ approach, each attending one of the various parallel sessions for the remainder of the day including panels on the landscape approach, REDD+ relevant commodity supply chains, and analysis, concept and methodology development.
Monday, 28 October 2013: Gearing Up for the Oslo REDD Exchange 2013
This week, more than 450 people from nearly 60 countries – including those in civil society, research institutions, government, multilateral organizations and the private sector are gathering in Norway for the Oslo REDD Exchange 2013, hosted by the Norway's International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI). WWF will be well-represented at this event with Josefina Braña-Varela (Director of Policy), Breen Byrnes (Communications and Learning), Paul Chatterton (Building REDD+), Flory Botamba (WWF-DRC REDD+ , Lloyd Gamble (WWF-US REDD+ team) and Fobissie Kalame (WWF-Cameroon REDD+) attending. We are all looking forward to this important opportunity to showcase our REDD+ work, collaborate with the international REDD+ community and look for ways to push the REDD+ agenda ahead together.
The conference kicks off Tuesday morning with a welcome by Norway’s new Minister of Climate and the Environment, Tine Sundtoft. Day one will begin with two plenary sessions before dividing into streams – The Landscape Approach, REDD+ Relevant Commodity Supply Chains; and Analysis, Concept and Methodology Development. Day two will start with more parallel sessions, including Flory Botamba’s participation in the panel, “Improving national systems for REDD+ monitoring and MRV – from national to the community level,” and finish up with a plenary session on looking ahead and the way forward for REDD+.
In particular, we are very excited to be part of the meeting’s REDD Results Bar, where 15 organizations and projects have been selected to present results and lessons learned from their work carried out with Norad/NICFI support. We’ll use this opportunity to connect with diverse REDD+ practitioners and to highlight some of our recent publications, including:
- Updated edition:WWF Guide to Building REDD+ Strategies -- A toolkit for REDD+ practitioners around the globe
- Building REDD+ for People and Nature: from lessons learned across Indonesia, Peru and the Democratic Republic of Congo to a new vision for REDD+
- The newest in our REDD+ Inspiring Practice series, Strengthening Land Tenure Through Participatory Land-Use Mapping in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
REDD+ at UNFCCC Bonn meeting (3-14 June 2013)
8 June 2013: Bonn climate change meeting
4 June 2013: Bonn climate change meeting
Day 1: Bonn climate change meeting
Monday, June 3, 2013
Pre-Bonn Climate Change Meeting: Expectations for REDD+
For this reason, WWF is calling on Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change attending the Bonn meeting, and COP 19 in Warsaw later this year, to achieve an "integrated, ambitious package of REDD+ elements" in line with the Bali Action Plan, the Cancun Agreements and the Durban Platform.
REDD+ at UNFCCC-COP18: Doha, Qatar
COP18 Wraps Up: REDD+ remains at a crossroads
Read the full news coverage here.
Day 9: UNFCCC-COP18
Day 8: UNFCCC-COP18
Day 5: UNFCCC-COP18
The draft text addressed the key issues of national forest monitoring systems, reference levels (RLs) and monitoring, reporting and verifying (MRV) in the most coherent and logical format to date.
SBSTA co-chair Peter Graham deserves applauds for his good work at pulling this important text together, which lays the nuts and bolts foundation for an eventual REDD+ mechanism. Countries will now have the guidance and assessment needed to move forward and implement REDD+.
Read the full news story here.
Day 4: UNFCCC-COP18
Day 3: UNFCCC-COP18
These team members joined Mads Lie from WWF-Norway and John O. Niles from WWF-US who had been onsite at the meeting since the weekend.
The team is enthusiastic and prepared to harness the full potential that this COP can bring. Expectations are lower than in past years going into the meeting, but we remain optimistic that REDD+ negotiators and Parties will not lose momentum on REDD+, and will take some key decisions needed to address outstanding REDD+ issues. Support for REDD+ seems to be brewing at this meeting...we will have to see.
Day 1: UNFCCC-COP18
WWF is here to work as an NGO and in different ways put pressure on countries, delegates and negotiators and represent civil society in the best possible way. We will report what we see, analyze, comment and ensure that WWF's message reaches people both here at the Doha negotiations and the world's remote corners.
It's still early on the first day here in Doha and it will be incredibly exciting to see where we will be and what kind of impression and feeling one is left with at the end of these two weeks. We hope for a victory for the climate, people and nature that ensures the global climate welfare for generations to come.
Pre-COP: Setting the Path for REDD+ Success
For these reasons, we must continue to take and call for strong action in support of REDD+.
- Decide how REDD+ negotiations will continue under UNFCCC. The LCA’s mandate finishes in Doha and Parties must decide the nature and form of REDD+ under a future platform (either the ADP or SBI).
- Urgently scale up ambition to support REDD+. Parties must make concrete commitments for additional short-term REDD+ finance beyond existing fast start funding for the period until 2020 when a new agreement is to be in place, and clearly demonstrate how to meet the financing needs for all phases of REDD+. Parties should also focus on the elaboration of results-based payments for carbon and non-carbon values, and the integration of REDD+ within the broader finance discussions including the NAMA registry, the Work Program on Long Term Finance, the Standing Committee on Finance, and the Green Climate Fund.
- Establish robust forest monitoring systems. One of the defining features of REDD+ is that it is a performance-based mechanism. Donor countries provide finance in the expectation that tropical forest emissions will be mitigated. In Doha, Parties need to agree on the rules that enable developing countries to accurately account for emissions reductions from deforestation, forest degradation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. This includes providing guidance for forest monitoring systems, guidelines for measurement reporting and verification of emissions reductions and a decision on the assessment process for forest reference levels.
- Agree a way forward for REDD+. After Doha, Parties will begin negotiating a future climate treaty that includes both developed and developing country Parties under a single umbrella. While REDD+ can move ahead in the interim period as a voluntary mechanism, Parties need to create a space within the negotiations of the Durban Platform that establishes a fully integrated mechanism for deforestation in developing countries.
-- The WWF Forest and Climate Team