Kutai Barat and Mahakam Ulu incorporated into Indonesia’s developing REDD+ Pilot
The Upper Mahakam REDD+ program, encompassing the districts of Kutai Barat and Mahakam Ulu, will be integrated into the East Kalimantan provincial REDD+ program, which was chosen by FCPF-CF to develop the subnational jurisdictional model for REDD+ implementation. The FCPF-CF Committee endorsed Indonesia’s Emissions Reduction Program Idea Note in June 2016, resulting in national recognition of the efforts of WWF and its partners at the district level and the identification of East Kalimantan as the pilot model.
East Kalimantan is Indonesia’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, and the provincial government estimates that 88% of their emissions stem from land use. Successful implementation of REDD+ could therefore have a sizeable impact on the country’s emissions overall, leaving an estimated net emissions reductions of 15.5 million tCO2e available for sale to the Carbon Fund between 2018 and 2024.
Zulfira Warta, of WWF-Indonesia, praised the move, stating, “FCPF support of the REDD+ program is a great opportunity to support its implementation and speed up the delivery of emissions reductions.”
In addition to monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV), the program will also focus on the improvement and expansion of sustainable and community forest management, maintenance of high conservation value forests within oil palm and coal mining concessions, and improved peat and fire management, which are all drivers of deforestation in East Kalimantan.
While there is still work to be done clarifying community tenure rights, recent forest reforms have established legally recognized categories for community-based forest management and sustainable use, known as Hutan Desa and Hutan Tanaman Rakyat.
These legal frameworks allow communities to document the areas they conserve through customary institutions or regulations, gaining formal recognition of those processes by their districts or villages. WWF has been working with local governments to build their capacity to support these new categories, and supporting local communities in participatory land use mapping and planning in order to secure land titles and legal recognition of their traditional territories.
As Indonesia moves into implementation, WWF will continue to provide support as communities establish safeguards and Community Conserved Areas, timber companies transition to sustainable forest management strategies, and governments at all levels include REDD+ in their strategic action plans.