A geothermal future
If used to replace electricity from coal, this could avoid approximately 60 million tonnes of CO2 emissions each year; the equivalent of more than 25% of emissions from today’s electricity generation.
An ambitious geothermal development programme also rapidly reduces costs – down from US$150 per MW hour (pilot plants less than 10MW) to US$90 per MW hour (commercial-scale plants).
Tapping the Earth's energyHotspots for geothermal development include the “Ring of Fire” in the Southeast Asian Coral Triangle region, the African Rift Valley, and places in Latin America, Japan and the US.
In the Coral Triangle, geothermal energy currently supplies 17% of the Philippines’ electricity needs. Other countries in the region, like Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea, could join this trend by tapping into their geothermal potential.
By 2050, Enhanced Geothermal Systems could reduce Australia’s emissions by avoiding approximately 25% of today’s electricity generation emissions while creating over 17,000 jobs.
Experience has shown that geothermal energy also complements forest protection because of their symbiotic relationship – geothermal steam fields need good watersheds to be viable in the long term.
WWF strongly supports large-scale geothermal power plants and is working with partners to further research and development throughout the world.