Shifting the energy paradigm
That means that we need to change the way how people on this planet supply themselves with energy.
We need to switch from dirty – coal – energy to clean sources in a high-efficiency world.
This requires more than just a technology change:
- The world will spend US$16 trillion on energy infrastructure between 2001 and 2030. This money must fuel the transition to a clean and efficient energy economy.
- Governments need to set clear, manageable but ambitious legal frameworks.
- They also need to redirect the US$ 150 billion of annual subsidies away from fossil fuels towards supporting the switch to an efficient and clean system.
- Power production will be based on a multitude of energy sources, coming partly from bigger power stations but much also from a score of small scale producers.
- The new system will be based on the best efficiency levels possible.
- Many industries can combine power and heat production in highly efficient installations.
- Private and office buildings will use their huge potential for energy efficiency and for producing clean energy right on site.
- Clean energy sources such as wind, solar, biomass and geothermics are the call of the future.
- Transport will become highly energy efficient, and over time use hydrogen or other clean fuels that are produced from clean sources.
- Costly and dangerous technologies such as nuclear will become obsolete.
Source: IEA Energy Investment Outlook 2004