The COP is the main decision-making body of the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Its main task is to assess the actions taken by the 198 member countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Learn more about the process here.
The Paris Agreement became a legally binding global agreement on 4th of November 2016, less than a year after it was approved at COP21.
Why it mattersCOP 22 will look to build on the Paris Agreement, signed at COP 21 the year prior, discussing details on implementation of the agreement. Key issues that will be discussed include loss and damage, mitigation, and displacement.
Countries are now expected to submit their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to finalise their climate change commitments under the Paris Agreement. Details on how to monitor and verify the commitments as well as climate financing will also continue to be discussed, alongside plans to scale up the ambition of the initial NDCs.