The Conference of the Parties (COP), will be held in Lima, Peru from 1-12 December 2014. The COP is the main decision-making body of the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The main task of the COP is to assess the effects of actions taken by the 198 member countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The COP meets every year.
COP20 has a heighted urgency in that it is the last meeting before the COP21 in Paris 2015, where world leaders are expected to conclude a global deal on climate. Certain outcomes are necessary to ensure readiness of the member governments to conclude a new deal. To this end, there were a number of events held in the run up to COP20, including high-level ministerial meetings being held in June in Bonn, and the UN Secretary General's Climate Leaders' Summit in New York in September.
About the Social Pre-COP
The Pre-COP was a meeting of ministers that happened before the COP to allow a further opportunity for discussion and interaction. In 2014, Venezuela decided to hold a social pre-COP where ministers had an opportunity to listen and engage directly with civil society. The Social Pre-Cop was held in Caracas, Venezuela from 4-7 November 2014.