Agriculture and Environment: Sugarcane
well as the use of chemical inputs to correct the resulting problems.
As a consequence, sugar has also had an important impact on other ecosystems. For example, sugar production has changed coastal hydrology. Siltation from soil erosion has clogged coastal ecosystems, especially coral reefs and sea grass beds, which are important to a wide range of species. Nutrient runoff from sugar cultivation has led to nutrient loading and eutrophication of freshwater and marine systems.
Finally, sugar mills are cleaned periodically, and the organic matter that is flushed can tie up all oxygen in nearby rivers as it decomposes. This in turn asphyxiates fish and other aquatic organisms.