Agriculture and Environment: Commodities

Table of Facts: Shrimp (Penaeus monodon & P.vannamei)

Production
Area Under Cultivation - 1.8 Million ha
Global Production - 1.1 Million MT
Average Productivity - 611 kg/ha

International Trade
Share of World Production - 91%
Share of Exports (with wild caught) - 45%
Exports - 1 million MT
Average Price - $6,334 per MT
Value - $6,334 Million

Principal Producing Countries (by weight)
Thailand, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, India, Ecuador

Principal Exporting Countries
Thailand, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, India, Ecuador

Principal Importing Countries/Blocs
United States, European Union, Japan


Major Environmental Impacts

  • Destruction of coastal wetlands and mangroves
  • Introduction of species into new areas
  • Water pollution in coastal areas
  • Depletion of fish stocks used for feed


Potential to Improve

  • Good
  • Prices are high enough to cover BMP costs
  • Better practices are being identified
  • Declining prices encourage greater efficiency

Source: FAO 2002. All data for 2000.

Credits

Extracts from "World Agriculture & Environment" by Jason Clay - buy the book online from Island Press

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