Agriculture and Environment: Shrimp
Better Management Practices: Reduce Water Exchange
The use of effective microorganisms has been shown to reduce the need for aeration and water exchange.
In Thailand, some small farmers have drastically reduced water exchange through the incorporation of microorganisms that function as providers of dissolved oxygen in the water because of the presence of the photoautotrophic bacteria.
In some farms, water exchange and aeration have been reduced or even eliminated (Panfilo Tabora, personal communication).