Tiger Landscape: Sunderban
The Ganges-Brahmaputra delta
Sunderban (Sanskrit for 'beautiful forest' or 'forest of the Sundari trees') is a UNESCO World Heritage Site on both the Bangladeshi and Indian sides. The 3 protected areas on the Bangladeshi side and the Sunderban Tiger Reserve on the Indian side together total around 4,000 sq km.
People living in and around this landscape depend on the mangroves for a variety of resources – honey, firewood, deer meat, thatch, fish and shrimp. Inevitable conflicts arise when they encroach upon the tiger's habitat.
Generating alternative livelihoods
WWF is working on one island to introduce alternatives for income generation so that local people would not have to depend heavily on mangrove forest resources. The communities of Chota Molla Khali are now engaged in batik painting, poultry and improved agriculture that bring them better income. They depend less on resources from prime tiger habitat.