Where do tigers live?
Prowling the forests of Asia
They could be found from the forests of eastern Turkey and the Caspian region of Western Asia, all the way to the Indian sub-continent, China, and Indochina, south to Indonesia, and north to the Korean Peninsula and the Russian Far East.
Today, their range has been reduced to just 7% of its former size.
Tigers are now found in only 13 range states:
- Indonesia (Sumatra)
- Lao PDR
- Viet Nam
DIfferent places, different tigers
Different tiger subspecies live in very different habitats with these features – including tropical rainforests, evergreen forests, mangrove swamps, grasslands, savannas, and temperate forests.
For example, in Bhutan tigers have been found at 4,000 meters, almost overlapping with snow leopards. But in the Sunderbans, tigers swim in mangroves with bull sharks and crocodiles.
Habitat information for different subspecies:
- Amur (Siberian) tiger
- Bengal (Indian) tiger
- Indochinese tiger
- Malayan tiger
- South China tiger
- Sumatran tiger
While extensive habitat remains in some places, in most areas agriculture, clearing of forests for the timber trade, and rapid development – especially road networks – are forcing tigers into small, scattered islands of remaining habitat. Today, tigers only occur in scattered populations.
- More about tiger habitat loss