Panthera tigris jacksoni
IUCN: Endangered C2a(i); CITES: Appendix I
Estimated at 500 individuals
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
100 - 120 kg
Only recently classified as a separate subspecies
While morphologically similar to the Indochinese tiger, the Malayan tiger is smaller, being more similar in size to the Sumatran tiger.
It is found only in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, that is, in the southern tip of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsular.
Where do the Malayan tigers live?
They mainly live in areas of low human and road density. Their low density (1.1-1.98 tigers per 100km2) is due to low prey numbers.
Their three main landscapes in Malaysia are Main Range (20,000km2), Greater Taman Negara (15,000km2), and the Southern Forest Complex (10,000km2). The majority (88%) of this subspecies' habitats are found in four Malaysian states: Pahang, Perak, Terengganu, and Kelantan.
Not much is known about the biology of Malayan tigers. They are known to prey on deer, wild boar, and sun bear.
Moreover, conversion of forests to agriculture or commercial plantations has resulted in more frequent encounters between tigers and livestock.
The cost for farmers can be high: for example, livestock loss due to tigers is estimated to have cost more than US$400,000 from 1993-2003 in Terengganu, one of the poorest areas in Peninsular Malaysia.
In retaliation, tigers are often killed by authorities or angry villagers, or else captured and put in zoos. Tigers killed as “conflict” animals often end up sold on the black market, creating a link between human-tiger conflict and poaching.
- Visit this page for a full list of actions you can take to help protect tigers and support our Tiger Campaign.
- The WWF-Malaysia website has a list of actions for anyone living in the region.
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