Bengal (Indian) tiger
Bengal tiger, Indian tiger; Tigre du Bengal (Fr); Tigre de Bengal (Sp)
Panthera tigris tigris
IUCN: Endangered A2bcd+4bcd; C1+2a(i); CITES: Appendix I
Around 1,850 individuals
Dry and wet deciduous forests, grassland and sal forests and temperate forests, mangrove forests
Around 250 kg
nearly 3 meters
Most numerous tiger pushed out of its home
Increasing human-tiger conflicts often lead to retributive killings. The tiger also faces a serious threat from poachers.
A tiger also found in mangroves
Bengal tigers mostly inhabit the dry and wet deciduous forests of central and south India, the Terai-Duar grassland and sal forests of the Himalayan foothills of India and Nepal, and the temperate forests of Bhutan.
They are also found in Bangladesh, Myanmar, and China.
The mangroves of the Sundarbans (shared between Bangladesh and India) are the only mangrove forests where tigers are found. The Sundarbans are increasingly threatened by sea-level rise as a result of climate change.
India is home to the largest population, with about 1,400 tigers – although a recent government survey indicates there may be as few as 1,300. Around 150 live in Nepal. Accurate estimates are not available in other countries.
Major habitat typesDry and wet deciduous forests, grassland and sal forests, temperate forests, mangrove forests
Range statesBangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal
Geographical locationSouth Asia
Priority regionsWestern Ghats
What is WWF doing?
Saving tigers by protecting their landscapes
In 2002, WWF developed a new and far-reaching strategy in partnership with other conservationists and authorities. The cornerstone of the tiger conservation programme is a landscape-based approach. Seven priority landscapes have been identified where conservation will benefit the long-term survival of tigers in the wild.
Within these key landscapes, WWF and its partners work to reduce or remove threats to tigers in the wild by restoring their habitat, maintaining connectivity, and securing a wilderness landscape, strengthening anti-poaching efforts, working with villages in critical tiger corridors, mitigating human-wildlife conflict by creating physical barriers (solar fencing, CPTs), providing interim relief schemes to curb retaliatory killing, providing alternatives to reduce pressure on forest resources, exploring and supporting alternative livelihood options, facilitating institutional strengthening of local communities and creating awareness among villagers and local populace for their protection.
Projects that support WWF's work:
Where we work for tigers
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