Management Strategy | WWF
	© WWF Pakistan

Responsible Management

WWF and TRAFFIC will focus efforts on three countries which are collectively landing one quarter of the world’s shark, rays and chimeras.

Indonesia and India are the two largest shark-catching nations in the world, and Pakistan is also key. With these countries’ catches of sharks and rays largely uncontrolled, we plan to work from the ground up to understand local fisheries. Together with local authorities we seek to build national action plans that increase monitoring, protect vulnerable species and reduce population declines to levels where they can be rebuilt.

To address high levels of shark harvest and trade associated with tuna fisheries in the Exclusive Economic Zones of Pacific Island nations (more than 25 per cent of the global tuna catch), WWF/TRAFFIC will launch the Pacific Shark Heritage Programme to asist nations to reduce overfishing, through improved management.

Lastly, well-managed tourism focused on sharks and rays can inspire awe, benefit coastal communities and provide new incentives to conserve these magnificent creatures. WWF is collaborating with The Manta Trust and Project AWARE to produce free practical, best practise guidance that can be used by tourism operators, NGOs and local communities. The guide is planned to be released in late 2016 / early 2017.   


  • The major shark-catching countries of India, Indonesia and Pakistan, which collectively land 25 per cent of the world’s shark catches, will significantly improve their management of sharks and rays.
  • The Pacific Shark Heritage Programme will support improved management in Pacific Island Nations and Territories.
  • Ten new shark/ray tourism sites will be created in WWF priority regions, with full engagement from local stakeholders following WWF best practice guidance.

WWF-Pakistan observers collect data on Mako sharks
© WWF-Pakistan

Shark Tourism Factsheets

Three factsheets that describe shark and ray tourism sites that utilize MPAs and innovative financing have been produced as part of the shark and ray tourism guide project.

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