Management Strategy | WWF
	© WWF Pakistan

Responsible Management

WWF and TRAFFIC will focus efforts on three countries which are collectively landing one quarter of the world’s shark, rays and chimeras.

Indonesia and India are the two largest shark-catching nations in the world, and Pakistan is also key. With these countries’ catches of sharks and rays largely uncontrolled, we plan to work from the ground up to understand local fisheries. Together with local authorities we seek to build national action plans that increase monitoring, protect vulnerable species and reduce population declines to levels where they can be rebuilt.

To address high levels of shark harvest and trade associated with tuna fisheries in the Exclusive Economic Zones of Pacific Island nations (more than 25 per cent of the global tuna catch), WWF/TRAFFIC will launch the Pacific Shark Heritage Programme to asist nations to reduce overfishing, through improved management.

Lastly, well-managed tourism focused on sharks and rays can inspire awe, benefit coastal communities and provide new incentives to conserve these magnificent creatures. WWF has collaborated with The Manta Trust and Project AWARE and developed Responsible Shark and Ray Tourism: A Guide to Best Practice. This Guide has been produced in consultation with leading shark and ray researchers and numerous operators already working in the tourism sector. The Guide contains practical tools and guidance on best practises that can be used by operators, NGOs and local communities. 


  • The major shark-catching countries of India, Indonesia and Pakistan, which collectively land 25 per cent of the world’s shark catches, will significantly improve their management of sharks and rays.
  • The Pacific Shark Heritage Programme will support improved management in Pacific Island Nations and Territories.
  • Ten new shark/ray tourism sites will be created in WWF priority regions, with full engagement from local stakeholders following WWF best practice guidance.

WWF-Pakistan observers collect data on Mako sharks
© WWF-Pakistan

Subscribe to our mailing list

* indicates required
Donate to WWF

Your support will help us build a future where humans live in harmony with nature.

Enter Yes if you accept the terms and conditions
Enter Yes if you accept the terms and conditions