Borneo Sumatran rhinoceros
A few rhinos on a very big island
Borneo Sumatran rhinoceros; Rhinocéros de Sumatra(Fr); Rinoceronte de Sumatra (Sp)
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni
Fewer than 25 - possibly extinct in the wild
Population & distribution
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Borneo subpsecies of the Sumatran rhinoceros was widespread over the island of Borneo.
The subspecies suffered a serious decline in distribution and numbers due to prolonged illegal hunting.
By the early 1980s, loss of forest habitat through conversion to permanent agriculture – particularly palm oil plantations – had become another significant threat.
Current population & distribution
The Borneo Sumatran rhino is now possibly extinct in Sarawak (Malaysia) and Kalimantan (Indonesia), and possibly in the wild in Sabah (Malaysia) as well. A 2005 survey in the interior of Sabah found evidence of at least 13 rhinos, and scattered individuals are found in other parts of the state.
But the Malaysian authorities now admit that the last rhinos in Sabah might be the three in captivity.
Dense highland and lowland tropical and sub-tropical forests
Borneo Lowland and Montane Forests