Northern white rhinoceros
Northern white rhinoceros; Rhinocéros blanc du Nord (Fr); Rinoceronte (Sp)
Ceratotherium simum cottoni
Kenya conservancy and zoos
3 in Kenya and 1 in a zoo in USA
The northern white rhinoceros once occurred in southern Chad, the Central African Republic, southwestern Sudan, northeastern Zaire, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and northwestern Uganda. As late as 1960, there were more than 2,000 northern white rhinos remaining.
However, widespread poaching decimated the population and in 1984 only about 15 individuals survived, all in Garamba National Park, DRC.
Under a strict regime of protection in Garamba National Park and through the intervention of the World Heritage Committee, IUCN, WWF, the Frankfürt Zoological Society and the Congolese government, this popuation increased to a minimum of 30 animals by 1993.
However, an intensive aerial survey of the park carried out in July 2004 counted a minimum population of just 17-22 animals. And poaching subsequently emptied the park of all its remaining rhinos.
Current population & distribution
Today only 4 northern white rhinos exist. Three of them live on a conservancy in Kenya, while the other one lives in a zoo in the USA.