Impacts and Vulnerability
A vulnerability assessment is useful to examine how your conservation target is vulnerable to climate change and which locations are most vulnerable. In this way a VA can help in setting management priorities and in developing appropriate responses to help reduce vulnerability.
There are many ways of doing a VA and there are numerous tools and examples available to help you.
- Exposure is the degree to which a species, ecosystem or human community is exposed to climate changes (e.g. increasing temperature) and resulting physical changes (e.g. increases in storm surge or changes in precipitation).
- Sensitivity depends on characteristics of the system or species that make it more or less likely to be affected by expected climate impacts.
- Adaptive capacity is the ability of the systems or species to adjust to actual or expected impacts.