Approaches: Bukit Barisan Selatan
To combat poaching of rhinos in the park, Rhino Protection Units (RPUs) were established in BBS back in 1995 through the efforts of the AsRSG and the International Rhino Foundation (IRF), which is still a major source of support in partnership with WWF, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS), and other NGOs.
The RPUs work closely with park staff, concentrating on the creation of high-security “Intensive Protection Zones” for rhinos through rigorous anti-poaching in core areas, intelligence operations to break-up poaching rings, and of course, community outreach work.
RPUs also help monitor land clearing and illegal logging in BBS. Each RPU normally is composed of one or two specially trained park guards and three members of the local community who are provided with training. The RPUs have a proven track record, eliminating or drastically reducing poaching where they operate.
TPUs, recently formed with support from Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the USFWS , are identical to the RPUs, and are actually integrated within the RPU management system.
TPUs supplement patrols by RPUs in BBS by focusing on parts of the park preferred by tigers and gathering data on tiger poaching and the illegal hunting of prey species.