Bukit Barisan Selatan
At one time present from the foothills of the Himalayas in Bhutan and eastern India south through the Malay Peninsula to the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, the Sumatran rhino’s (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) range and numbers have dwindled dramatically, with remaining populations scattered in the forests of Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, and Borneo.
Bukit Barisan Selatan (BBS), a shrinking island
But BBS is an island surrounded by an ocean of human activity including villages, agriculture, and plantation forestry that is eating away at its borders not unlike a slow cancerous growth, systematically decimating the remaining forest via illegal logging, encroachment, and conversion to agriculture.
This human ocean threatens to subsume BBS and the more than 300 bird species found there, as well as the Sumatran rhinos, tigers, elephants, sun bears, bearded pigs, tapirs, gibbons, leaf monkeys, great Argus pheasants, rare orchids, rafflesia flowers, and the Amorphophallus titanium - the world’s tallest flower - that also live in the park.