Turkey, Syria, and Iraq
around 20 million
Basra reed warbler (Acrocephalus griseldis), Iraq babbler (Turdoides altirostris), Common otter (Lutra lutra) Smooth-coated otter (Lutra perspicillatamaxwelli), pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus), Lesser white-fronted goose (Anser erythropus), and Red-breasted geese (Branta ruficollis).
The river has provided a source of water for human civilizations for thousands of years. Today it is used to irrigate crops such as rice and barley.