Emerging research also shows there is also a strong economic and social case for protecting ocean assets through expanding MPAs globally, as a means of securing future delivery of ocean services and benefits.
A study has modelled a range of scenarios to examine the net benefits of expanding MPAs. The study highlighted how well-managed MPAs could help to reduce poverty, increase food security, create employment and protect coastal communities.
Increasing MPA coverage to 30% of marine and coastal areas was estimated to generate at least US$490 billion to US$920 billion annually and between 150,000 to 180,000 full-time jobs in MPA management.
These findings add to clear economic case for governments, business and financial institutions to increase investment in MPAs as part of a long-term programme of ocean protection and restoration.