What makes Komodo National Park so special?
- More than 1,000 species of tropical fish, 260 species of coral, and rare marine mammals such as the dugong live within Komodo National Park.
- Strong daily tidal flows combine with nutrient-rich water upwelling from the depths of the Indian Ocean to create ideal conditions for thousands of species of corals and tropical fish to flourish.
- Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991.
Scientists, underwater photographers, and recreational sport divers alike travel from all over the globe to experience the spectacular biodiversity of more than 50 world-class dive sites ranging from challenging blue water current dives with a chance of glimpsing large pelagic species to discovering rare invertebrates on a ‘muck’ dive closer to shore.
Where is Komodo National Park?
Situated within a narrow channel between Flores and Sumbawa, Komodo National Park is comprised of three large islands (Komodo, Padar and Rincah) and 26 smaller ones to occupy nearly 2,000 km2
Creating Komodo National Park: Conserving the Komodo Dragon and one of Indonesia’s UNESCO Sites
Komodo National Park was created by the Indonesian government in 1980 to protect the Komodo dragon. In 1991, Komodo was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
But even with the recognition of Komodo as one of the most important treasures of biodiversity in Indonesia, threats to the future of this marine protected area still exist.
Unsustainable destructive fishing methods, overdevelopment, and unregulated tourism threaten permanent damage to the park as more and more people arrived.
In 1930, less than 300 people were living in Komodo village and Rinca Island.
By the year 2000, approximately 1,200 people were inhabiting Komodo—an exponential increase.
As more people move to Komodo National Park in search of economic opportunity, an important part of the conservation strategy for ensuring a sustainable future is balancing the economic needs of the local community with the challenge of protecting a delicate ecosystem.
Protecting Komodo National Park in the Coral Triangle
Strict enforcement of anti-poaching and illegal fishing regulations thanks to coordinated patrols by local park rangers, the Indonesian Navy, and the police has made wildlife and natural resource crimes within Komodo National Park much more difficult.