Today WWF is leading the way in developing PES schemes around the world. In the case of Europe, recent and ongoing changes (e.g. Water Framework Directive, Common Agricultural Policy, Rural and Regional development policy, the Eastern enlargement of the EU as well as the European Neighborhood Programme) have opened a window of opportunity to mainstream PES as a major conservation tool.
At WWF Danube-Carpathian Programme we have been developing a number of practical initiatives, including a major project in the Danube Basin as well as smaller initiatives in the Maramures area of northern Romania.
In 2006-2007, WWF Danube-Carpathian Programme worked with the Institute of European Environmental Policy and country partners on an EU-supported project to investigate the potential for innovative funding sources such as payments for environmental services for nature conservation in Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia and Turkey.