© WWF Sweden

The Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a unique but also vulnerable sea

The Baltic Sea is one of the planet’s largest bodies of brackish water. A delicate mixture of salt water from the North East Atlantic and fresh water from surrounding rivers and streams blends in a highly sensitive and interdependent marine ecosystem, giving rise to unique flora and fauna. However, these special qualities also make it vulnerable.

Why the Baltic Sea matters

The Baltic Sea is surrounded by nine countries that are home to more than 85 million people and diverse political, social and economic realities. Many of these people rely on a healthy Baltic Sea for their food and incomes, and many more treasure it as an important space for nature and leisure activities. Our own futures and the future of the Baltic Sea are inextricably linked.

Threats to the Baltic Sea

Over the past 100 years, the Baltic Sea has degraded quite dramatically. Human pressures such as over-fishing, pollution and now increasingly the effects of climate change are altering the ecological balance and depleting renewable resources beyond safe biological limits.

These pressures jeopardize the future use of the Baltic’s vast array of ‘ecosystem goods and services’, provided by nature for free.

The Baltic Ecoregion Programme

WWF has been working for several decades to identify solutions for restoring the Baltic to a healthy state. The WWF Baltic Ecoregion Programme is comprised of WWF and longstanding environmental organization partners in each of the nine coastal Baltic Sea countries.

We combine scientific knowledge and expertise with creative innovation and political determination to save the unique life and beauty of the Baltic Sea. Our long-term vision is to secure a healthy ecosystem for the Baltic Sea and to ensure that:

  • Conservation and use of the sea is planned an managed through a holistic ecosystem-based approach
  • Long-term sustainability of fish stocks are secured
  • The Baltic Sea is protected from excessive eutrophication

Save the eel

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02 Jul 2019

People from around the world are invited to watch our live broadcast of common guillemots from cameras mounted at Stora Karlsö island, and contribute ...

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22 May 2019

​The story about the Baltic Sea cod continues in this edition of the newsletter with a plea to decision makers to stop ignoring the science and take ...

Eastern Baltic cod stock has collapsed – NGOs call to immediately close fishing of Eastern Baltic cod
11 Apr 2019

Responding to the release of an alarming new report by international fisheries scientists that Eastern Baltic Cod is at a critically low level, NGOs ...

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