© WWF Sweden

The Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a unique but also vulnerable sea

The Baltic Sea is one of the planet’s largest bodies of brackish water. A delicate mixture of salt water from the North East Atlantic and fresh water from surrounding rivers and streams blends in a highly sensitive and interdependent marine ecosystem, giving rise to unique flora and fauna. However, these special qualities also make it vulnerable.

Why the Baltic Sea matters

The Baltic Sea is surrounded by nine countries that are home to more than 85 million people and diverse political, social and economic realities. Many of these people rely on a healthy Baltic Sea for their food and incomes, and many more treasure it as an important space for nature and leisure activities. Our own futures and the future of the Baltic Sea are inextricably linked.

Threats to the Baltic Sea

Over the past 100 years, the Baltic Sea has degraded quite dramatically. Human pressures such as over-fishing, pollution and now increasingly the effects of climate change are altering the ecological balance and depleting renewable resources beyond safe biological limits.

These pressures jeopardize the future use of the Baltic’s vast array of ‘ecosystem goods and services’, provided by nature for free.

The Baltic Ecoregion Programme

WWF has been working for several decades to identify solutions for restoring the Baltic to a healthy state. The WWF Baltic Ecoregion Programme is comprised of WWF and longstanding environmental organization partners in each of the nine coastal Baltic Sea countries.

We combine scientific knowledge and expertise with creative innovation and political determination to save the unique life and beauty of the Baltic Sea. Our long-term vision is to secure a healthy ecosystem for the Baltic Sea and to ensure that:

  • Conservation and use of the sea is planned an managed through a holistic ecosystem-based approach
  • Long-term sustainability of fish stocks are secured
  • The Baltic Sea is protected from excessive eutrophication

Save the eel

Member States lagging behind on Common Fisheries Policy implementation
11 Dec 2018
Member States lagging behind on Common Fisheries Policy implementation

A joint NGO proposal to EU Ministers regarding European eel
07 Dec 2018
A joint NGO proposal to EU Ministers regarding European eel

On December 17th and 18th 2018 the EU Fisheries Council (AGRIFISH) will decide on fishing opportunities for 2019 and will address measures for ...

WWF Baltic Ecoregion News
14 Nov 2018

​A core strength of the Baltic Ecoregion Programme is our holistic view, thanks to the teamwork across the nine coastal countries on a broad set of ...

BSFYA 2018 brochure
24 Oct 2018
Baltic Sea Farmer of the Year 2018

This year’s winning farms are diverse in size and type, ranging from a small biodynamic farm to an 800 hectare conventional crop and livestock farm. ...

Polish farmer Krzysztof Kowalski
24 Oct 2018
WWF awards Polish farmer for efforts to reduce nutrient leakage to the Baltic Sea

​Polish farmer Krzysztof Kowalski will today be presented with the WWF Baltic Sea Farmer of the Year Award at a ceremony in Jönköping, Sweden.

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