About 3,800 species are found there – over 1,300 in the Amazon, 28 of which are endemic to the region1.
There is considerable variety in the geographic range from one species to another. While the harpy eagle ranges from southern Central America to the Amazon, some toucan species may be found only in relatively restricted areas.
At one site in the Peruvian Amazon, about 575 bird species have been identified within a mere 5,500-hectare section of the rainforest. By comparison, 700 bird species are found in the whole of North America.
From November to March, some birds migrate from North America to the Central American and South American tropics. Others are found exclusively in the Amazon rainforest.
Most birds live in the dense undercover of the forest, looking for insects from the rainforest floor to the canopy. Others prefer flying insects, or fruit and flowers while some, such as the harpy eagle, capture other mammals and reptiles and birds.
© naturepl.com / Pete Oxford / WWF
Green winged macaws (Ara Chloroptera) feeding on minerals at river ...
The variety of Amazon bird species is amazing!
The differences seen between birds and the adaptations represents the variety of the Amazon species in which each one has developed. This heritage, however, is under threat as the Amazon rainforest, prime bird habitat, loses ground to pastures and cropland.